High risk category still a major AIDS concern
Ankita Chakrabarty/ Zee
Post India’s claim to have reduced heavily the death toll rate because of AIDS
among ordinary civilians, the challenge of redeeming the high risk category
still looms large with states like Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka
continuing to present high number of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) cases.
According to the National Aids Control Organization (NACO) report 2011, the
number of HIV cases detected in the year 2011-12 (until September 2011) stood
at 1, 57,347 and the number of deaths at 14,421. The primary drivers of HIV
epidemic in India
are commercial female sex workers, unprotected sex between males who have sex
with males, and drug use through injections.
President awards girls for opposing child marriage
Last Updated: Wednesday,
December 07, 2011, 15:40
Fifteen-year-old Sangita Bauri never feared her parents and society when she
opposed her forcible marriage in a remote village in West
Bengal but she trembled when she was honoured here by President
Pratibha Patil for her feat.
Bauri along with two other young girls - Bina Kalindi and Mukti Majhi - met
Patil on Wednesday after they were called by the President hearing the tale of
their daunting courage and refusing child marriage in their village in West Bengal's Purulia.
"I never feared when I said no to my marriage sometime back. I went
against everyone...my parents, elders and others in my village...they had to
relent. But when I was told I would be meeting the President and she will
honour me, I went cold," Bauri said here after she was felicitated by
Patil with a cash reward of Rs 10,000.
Beti Bachao Abhiyan to tackle declining sex ratio
Last Updated: Friday, November
04, 2011, 10:56
Bhopal: The skewed sex ratio in several districts of Madhya
Pradesh has forced ruling BJP government to launch the 'Beti Bachao Abhiyan'
(Save the Girl Child campaign) to raise awareness and address this nagging
issue which may pose social and demographic problems in the state.
The districts where the sex ratio is alarmingly declininginclude: Bhind-838;
Morena-839; Gwalior-862; Datia-875;Shivpuri-877; Chhattarpur-884; Sagar-896,
Vidisha-897; Raisen-899; Ashoknagar-900; Tikamgarh-901; Sheopur-902;
Panna-907;Guna-910; Bhopal-911 and Hoshangabad-912, official sources aid.
Sex ratio in rural
areas better than urban: Survey
New Delhi: Sex ratio at birth and in all ages in rural areas is
better than in urban areas, according to the first district-wise annual health
survey (AHS) of nine states released on Wednesday.
Only six districts out of 284 accounting for half of the country's population
have a positive sex ratio, according to the AHS, described as the largest
demographic survey in the world.
Pithoragarh district of Uttarkhand reported the lowest sex ratio of 764 girls
to 1000 boys at birth, while Moradabaddistrict of Uttar Pradesh had the highest
New TB test shows
promise in early, accurate diagnosis
London: A new test
developed recently to detect tuberculosis seems to be very effective in
accurately tracing the disease early, according to a study carried out in
several TB-prone countries, including India.
The study involving over 6,600 people in six countries such as India, South
Africa, Peru, Azerbaijan, the Philippines and Uganda found that the `Xpert
MTB/RIF` test has been highly accurate in detecting the disease and its
multi-drug resistant (MDR) form.
Smoking may lead to
excess TB deaths
New Delhi: A new research has claimed that smoking could be
responsible for 40 million excess deaths from tuberculosis between 2010 and
According to the study led by Dr Sanjay Basu from the University of California,
there will be 18 million more cases worldwide between 2010 and 2050 because
smoking increases the risk of contracting TB.
say that smoking tobacco is a TB risk factor and nearly one fifth of the
world`s population smokes, and that most cigarettes are smoked in countries
with high TB prevalence, where the tobacco industry has expanded its market.
TB a major cause of
death amongst HIV patients
New Delhi: In a bid to tackle the rising number of
HIV-Tuberculosis co-infection cases, health
activists today asked the government to develop faster and better TB testing
technology which provides early diagnosis.
The NGOs Global Health Advocates (GHA) and INP+ made recommendations to
National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) which will device a National
Strategic Plan in September for
the fourth phase of National AIDS Control Program (NACP-IV) that will run from
2012 to 2017.
Seeking relief for millions of patients across the country, the NGOs suggested
that there should be intense identification of people with HIV-TB co-infection
and prevention of TB among People Living with HIV (PLHIV) through
Investing wisely in
World AIDS Day on Dec 1, 2011, WHO, UNICEF, and UNAIDS launched the Global HIV/AIDS Response 2011
progress report on Nov 30. The report is the fifth such annual report published
since 2006. As John Zarocostas reports in this month's Newsdesk, the latest
edition contains much good news on treatment and prevention, but the gains made
by past efforts are jeapardised by the ongoing global financial crisis and
of people receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is increasing, with over 6·65
million patients in middle-income and low-income countries receiving treatment
at the end of 2010. In the same year, nearly a half of pregnant women living
with the HIV received prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child transmission of
HIV. Being on treatment has an impact on prevention as well. In sub-Saharan Africa, clinical trials have shown that if an
HIV-positive person receives ART the risk of transmitting the virus to a
partner is cut by 96%. Increased access to HIV-care services resulted in a
reduction of new infections from 3·1 million in 2001 to 2·7 million in 2010,
and a 22% decline in AIDS-related deaths in the past 5 years.
List of New Arrivals (Titles) 2011:
1. Gender and discrimination: Health,
nutritional status, and role of women in India.
2. Gender analysis of renewable energy in India:
present status, issues, approaches and new initiatives.
3. Nurturing dreams of the silent
majority: bringing gender equity through development.
4. Counseling skills: facilitators.
5. Women and drug abuse: the Problem in
6. Children's rights in Bihar:
a documentary study.
7. Human developments in India: challenges for a society in
8. Women in difficult circumstances:
summaries of research.
9. Men, gender equality and policy
response in India:
10. Cherishing the girl child: advocacy
campaign against sex selection and pre birth elimination of females.
11. Motherhood in India: glorification without
12. Peer led outreach at scale: a guide to
13. Violence against women in Afghanistan.
14. Technological options for women
empowerment and rural development.
15. Utilization of public health facility
in maternal health care: a comparative study of Indian states.
16. Continuum of care for HIV Positive
women accessing programs to prevent parent to Child transmission: findings from
17. Population, health & social
development in Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa and
West Bengal Alma’s.
18. Forced labour: a study of children at
the traffic lights.
19. Primary healthcare spending: striving
for equity under fiscal federalism.
MAMTA-Health Institute for Mother and Child is a non-governmental organization working on various health and development issues with special focus on young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights among various strata of the population.
The organization provides visibility and voice to young people and in this regard a portal www.yrshr.org acts as a platform for dissemination of scientific information as well.
SRIJAN (Sexual and Reproductive health Initiative for Joint Action Network) Electronic discussion forum attempts to bring together individuals and organizations to create and share resources, initiate discussion and debate on issues concerning young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights.
We look forward to your participation in the forum!
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